account for give reason for
 
approximate give a close answer
comment on present your opinion
 
compare recognise similarities & differences
 
contrast highlight difference
demostrate show
 
derive present a logical sequence of steps to arrive at a result
describe represent, picture or portray; say what something is
determine arrive at an answer, showing required steps or strategies
discuss investigate or examine by argument
draw (sketch) depict an object as in clearly define diagram or flowchart
estimate give a close approximation
evaluate establish the value, quality, importance, merit, relevance or appropriateness of
explain make clear, make known in detail
 
expound present a clear & convincing argument for a detailed opinion
express to show or state
fine arrive at an answer by your own strategy
 
generalise make abstract on the basis of evidence, a general statement 
identify establish or select
 indicate Clearly name or state the relevant points 
 justify provide sound reasons or evidence on which your response is based
 list to place one after the other 
 outline (in words) provide a structure for, give main points or features 
 present put forward for consideration
 
 prove validate a result with coherence & completeness 
 quote repeat words from stimulus material
 
 rank sequence or list in order 
 show (calculations) indicate all the steps
 state clearly present or say
 suggest propose
 
 summarise present essential ideas & information in fewer words
 transcribe write your own accurate copy 
 
 verbatim use exactly the same words, copy 
 verify validate a particular result 
 
 
 Source: Queensland Studies Authority

 

Linking Words

Use linking words to give your writing cohesion. Linking words link clauses to make sentences. Linking words create cohesion between paragraphs and sentences.

COMPARING & CONTRASTING

 alike
also
alternatively
both
compared with
contrasts with
conversely
 despite
differs from
equally
even though
however
in the same way
in spite of this
 instead
likewise
neither
nevertheless
on the contrary
on the other hand
rather
similar to
similarly
subsequently
the dissimilarity
the features they have in common
unlike
whereas

 

ADDING AN IDEA OR MORE INFORMATION

a number of
additionally
also
and
another
as well as
besides
both
firstly
furthermore
in addition
in conjunction with
lastly
moreover
to illustrate

 

SUBSTITUTES FOR THE WORD 'is'

 allows
becomes
contributes to
creates
culminates in
engenders
exemplifies
expresses
indicates
influences
leads to
manifests
mirrors
produces
 provokes
reflects
represents
reveals
shapes
shows
symbolises

 

OTHER WAYS TO SAY "this can be seen by"

this is/can be illustrated by
it is seen through
this can be demonstrated by/through
this is shown when
this is exemplified by/when

this illustrates that
this shows that
this can be observed through
it clearly points out
it can therefore be perceived that

it is most notable when
it is most marked when
this is seen clearly through
this is evident when
this is apparent/most obvious when

 

SUSTITUES FOR "says that"

admits that
argues that
asserts that
claims that
concludes that
condemns the view that

contends that
explains that
expresses the view that
is critical of
maintains that
observes that

points out that
refutes the evidence/view
reinforces the view that
rejects the point that
stresses the point that
submits that

 

CAUSE AND EFFECT

points out that
refutes the evidence/view
reinforces the view that
rejects the point that
stresses the point that
submits that

consequently
creates
despite this
due to
eventually
fostered
gives rise to
hence
in this way

indicates
influences
is due to
it is obvious that
leads to
primarily
produced by
shaped by
shows evidence of

stemmed from
the conclusion to be drawn
therefore
this effectively demonstrates
this explains
this indicates
to this end
undoubtedly
which include

 

TO SUMMARISE OR CONCLUDE

accordingly
as a result
as shown
consequently
finally

for this/that reason
having examined the evidence
hence
in conclusion
in other words

in summary
in view of that
on the whole
ultimately
we come to realise