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History: The Industrial Revolutions, First and Second


Reference : The Industrial Revolution


UK National Archives

The British archive website provides the following categories:

Public Health and Epidemics

Poverty and the Poor Laws


London Lives 1690 - 1800

Contains documentary material of thousands of Londoners, including both plebeians and the officers who manned the institutions of government and social welfare.

Industrial Revolution

Library of Congress Primary Sources


Turning Points in History - Industrial Revolution

Beginning with the birth of Queen Victoria, this episode explores the changes brought to Britain by the industrial revolution. By the 1840s, urban migration has created overcrowding and extremes in pollution and poverty. However, British subjects remain loyal to their Queen. Prince Albert, Victoria's husband becomes a guiding force in the monarchy. Benjamin Disraeli and William Gladstone, political stars with starkly contrasting visions of empire, turn the nation's attention abroad.


G. Bruno’s 1877 illustration of a Jacquard loom. First demonstrated in 1801, the loom used replaceable punched cards and is an early precursor to computing.

The British Empire and the Rise of Industry

Britain's Empire in 1815

Britain's Empire in 1815

This is the year that marked the end of a prolonged global conflict and saw Britain join the ranks of the great imperial powers. By Professor Andrew Porter.

Industrial Revolution

It happened because of the special combination of geological good fortune, the ascendancy of political liberalism, enlightened thinking and imperial power meant change was more likely to begin in Britain than elsewhere. The Industrial Revolution happened because the economic condition were right to ensure it sustained success. And finally, there was also one important change that still is with us today, the conviction that the future will never be the same as the past.

Fowler steam engine 19th century Australia

medieval mill

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Who Wants to Be a Cotton Millionaire?

Middle class way of life, and ways of child rearing

For Teachers

Workers Movements