Don't forget to use the online World Book Encyclopedia and EBSCO Databases on the Student Portal!
A huge collection of public domain and copy-permitted historical texts presented cleanly (without advertising or excessive layout) for educational use. The following pages are particularly useful:
Early socialists (pre-Marxian) are also called utopian socialists because they believed that they could organize a better society based on collective cooperation.
Classical liberalism is defined as complete freedom from most kinds of governmental restraints. Political liberals were proponents of basic civil rights like freedom of speech, press, religion and assembly. Economic liberals favored little government intervention in economic cycles because of their belief that the economy is guided by "an invisible hand".
Adam Smith, author of Wealth of Nations, argued for "laissez-faire" economic policies in which the government should not tinker with the basic laws of supply and demand.
Caricature of Charles Darwin published in a satirical magazine in 1871.