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History: World War 1


World War One 1914-1918 : Australia


Australian War Memorial

Date range: 18th-21st Centuries
Geographical focus: Australia
The online collections of the Australian War Memorial include documents, art, photographs and video, relating to the Australian armed forces.

Australian ANZACS in the Great War: 1914-1918 | The AIF Project

Date range: 1914-1919
Geographical focus: Australia
Information on individuals who enlisted in WWI, drawing on information from Embarkation Rolls, Nominal Rolls and the Australian War Memorial, among other sources. Also features enlistment statistics.

The first Anzac Day comemoration, 1916

More images and facts : The first Anzac Day, 1916 (blog)

Australian Personalities



Name or Title: British Hypo Helmet                

Classification: CH classification MILITARY Army gas helmet

Brief Description: Although the Hague Convention of 1907 forbade the use of "poison or poisoned weapons" in warfare, poisonous gas was used by opposing forces throughout the 1914 - 1918 war.

The Hypo Helmet was simply a flannel bag soaked in hypo solution (glycerin and sodium thiosulphate); it protected against chlorine. The soldier placed it over his head and tucked the bottom into his tunic. No inlet or exhaust valve was provided, and the wearer's lungs forced the air through the material making up the bag. A fragile rectangular mica or celluloid window provided visibility.

The first version was tested in May 1915; manufacture began in June and lasted until September, by which time 2.5 million had been made and the hood had been superseded by the P Helmet, which provided improved protection against chlorine and added protection against phosgene                                                         

eResources A multimedia history of WWI

Date range: 1830s-1920s
Geographical focus: International
Information on battles and participants in WWI and its causes, including primary source documents, audio and video material.

First World War Websites | International Encyclopedia of the First World War

Date range: 1914-1918
Geographical focus: International
A directory of websites relating to WWI, under regional and theme headings.

The World War I Document Archive

Date range: 1830s-1940s
Geographical focus: International
A Wiki collecting primary source material and links to primary sources at other websites. Covers material including treaties and Government documents, diaries, books and images.

Australian ANZACS in the Great War: 1914-1918 | The AIF Project

Date range: 1914-1919
Geographical focus: Australia
Information on individuals who enlisted in WWI, drawing on information from Embarkation Rolls, Nominal Rolls and the Australian War Memorial, among other sources. Also features enlistment statistics.

Primary documents - 1919 |

Date range: 1919
Geographical focus: Europe
Documents relating to the Treaty of Versailles and the Paris Peace Conference.

Weimar Republic primary sources

Date range: 1914-1933
Geographical focus: German
English language. A small selection of primary sources (with accompanying information) on the culture, economics, politics and society of Germany between WWI and the Nazi's rise to power.

The Economic Consequences of the Peace by John Maynard Keynes

Date range: 1920s
Geographical focus: Britain, France
A free online edition of The Economic Consequences of Peace, discussing the outcomes of the Paris Peace Conference, from Project Gutenberg.

Consequences of World War I


Source :

Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand, 1914
"Sopherl, Sopherl, don't die. Stay alive for the children! " The murder that ignited World War One.

  The German Army Marches Through Brussels, 1914
"This was a machine, endless, tireless, with the delicate organization of a watch and the brute power of a steam roller."

  The Beginning of Air Warfare, 1914
"Have you got a revolver, old boy? My ammunition's all gone." The beginning of air-to-air combat.

 Christmas in the Trenches, 1914
"We and the Germans met in the middle of no-man's-land." A spontaneous truce takes over the front lines during the first Christmas of World War I on the Western Front.


Interactive Documentary : A Global Guide to the First World War

The 4 M-A-I-N Causes of World War One in 6 Minutes

A Short History of World War 1

A Short History of World War 1


Click on image or LINK to  view larger image.

“A view of the Western Front 1916”, by a 27-year-old Adolf Hitler.

Returned soldiers collecting for the Red Cross

Returned soldiers collecting for the Red Cross during a procession down Macquarie Street, Sydney, ca. April 25 1916.

Photo: Fairfax Archives

World War One 1914-1938


The Massacre of the Armenians, 1915 •
"Pray for us." In the midst of World War I, the Ottoman Turks attempt to eradicate their Armenian population.

Battle At Gallipoli, 1915
". . . Had a good supper and nearly finished our water. The last meal poor Jack ever had." The futile attempt to open a new front and relieve the stalemate in France.

A Death at the Battle of the Somme, 1916
He was young, an American, and a poet; and he joined the French Foreign Legion to defend the country he loved.

America Declares War on Germany, 1917
"What else can I do?" The dilemma over how to maintain a balance between individual liberty and national security in a time of war is nothing new in American history. President Wilson faced the same problem as he prepared to ask Congress to declare war with Germany.

 The Bolsheviks Storm the Winter Palace, 1917
"Like a black river, filling all the street...we poured through the Red Arch." In St. Petersburg, Russia, the mob attacks the former palace of the Czar in the first act of the Coummunist Revolution.

 The Execution of Tsar Nicholas II, 1918
"We must shoot them all tonight." The Romanov dynasty ends in a Siberian cellar.

The Beginning of the End of World War I, 1918
"These thirteen Americans performed a feat never to be forgotten." Four years of stagnation on the Western Front ends as the Germans gamble on a massive offensive on the Western Front and American doughboys enter the fray.

 Lawrence of Arabia Lawrence of Arabia, 1918
Attack on a Turkish column - "Take no prisoners!"

 Armistice - The End of World War I, 1918
" the front there was no celebration." At the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month the guns fell silent and the Great War came to an end.

 Signing the Treaty of Versailles, 1919
"Through the few open windows comes the sound of distant crowds cheering hoarsely." The curtain falls on the "War to End all Wars."

Video : Armistice, 1918 
American soldiers celebrate the end of fighting on the Western Front.


World War I Australian recruitment poster, titled 'The Trumpet Calls',

featuring an iconic image by artist Norman Lindsay


Original film clip is a rare glimpse into what life was like on the front during World War I.


State Library of Queensland :

Uncover the key moments and stories and never-before-seen photographs which reveal how Queenslanders experienced the First World War, through the interactive, online portal, A State of War.

Nearly 27,000 Queensland soldiers had their portrait taken and published in The Queenslander newspaper before leaving for the First World War. Read about these soldier portraits also.



State Library of Queensland for Teachers



National Archives of Australia

Discovering Anzacs

Explore a diverse selection of government records about Australians and New Zealanders in World War I and the Boer War. Enhance a profile dedicated to the wartime journey of someone who served. Uncover the personal stories of service men and women through original archival records.

A growing number of Australian profiles on Discovering Anzacs have a repatriation record attached which shows what happened to that person after the war.

America in World War I: Crash Course US History #30

The uniform worn by Archduke Franz Ferdinand during his assassination in 1914, the event that sparked World War I.